An Independent Press
During the 1890s, the Wilmington Daily Record served as Wilmington’s only black newspaper. The Daily Record was run successfully within the Wilmington community until August 1898, when Alex Manly, the paper’s editor denounced whites for claiming that black men were raping white women and said, instead, that white women were attracted to black men in many cases. This article angered the city’s white population and helped to fuel a growing white supremacy campaign throughout North Carolina. Forced by the white citizenry to vacate the Daily Record’s original downtown location, Manly relocated his press to Love and Charity Hall. Though the paper was still being published, Manly received many threats and was forced to flee Wilmington for his safety. On November 10, 1898, a mob of white men marched to the Daily Record office and burned it to the ground. A day of violence began that is known as the Wilmington Race Riot. As a result of this riot, many of Wilmington’s black citizens were murdered and others banished from the city and the Jim Crow era began in the state of North Carolina. In 1927, Robert S. Jervay began to publish a new black newspaper, The Cape Fear Journal, on the same site as the Daily Record. His son Thomas C. Jervay renamed the paper, the Wilmington Journal in the 1940s, and it remains a leading journal among African American newspapers in the south today.