503 Market Street
Monument to Craftsmen
The Bellamy Mansion is one of Wilmington’s most prized architectural homes. Free and enslaved black artisans built the structure just prior to the Civil War. Directly behind the Bellamy Mansion are urban slave quarters built in 1859. While residing here, slaves served the Bellamys as housekeepers, cooks, butlers, coachmen, domestic maids and nursemaids. In addition, they interacted with Wilmington’s free black population. Through this interaction, they learned new skills such as reading, writing, carpentry, midwifery and blacksmithing. Eventually, after emancipation with solid marketable skills, some of the slaves took these skills elsewhere in the community to earn a paid living.