4th and Harnett Streets
Violence and Renewal
This is the site of the first bloodshed associated with the Wilmington Race Riot of 1898. It is the only overthrow of a city government in United States history where white supremacists violently seized power from the duly elected government. It was a turning point in North Carolina post Reconstruction history and passing of Jim Crow Laws quickly followed. The return of civil rights did not happen for African Americans until the American Civil Rights Movement.

In May 2004, the newly incorporated African American Heritage Foundation of Wilmington (AAHFW) purchased the Richter Building. The major goals of the museum are to develop and present educational programs while creating a vital permanent museum to honor and celebrate the contributions that African Americans have made to society.

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